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Panasonic-MSX

    Computers:11     Art

Panasonic CF 2700

1984


MSX-1


 Lenguajes Microsoft Extended Basic (MSX Basic V1.0)
Teclado Full-stroke Teclado with 5 function Teclas and 4 arrow Teclas. 73 Teclas.
CPU Zilog Z80A
Velocidad 3.58 MHz
Co-procesador Video chip compatible with the Texas Instruments TMS 9918/A or TMS 9928/A (Japan : 60 Hz) or TMS 9929/A (Europe : 50 Hz)
RAM 64 KB
VRAM 16 KB
ROM 32 KB BASIC/BIOS ( MSX BASIC V1.0)
Modos de Texto Mode 0 : 40 x 24
Mode 1 : 32 x 24
Modo gráfico Mode 2 : 256 x 192 with 16 Colores (Hires mode)
Mode 3 : 64 x 48 with 16 Colores (Multi colour mode)
32 sprites
Colores 16
Sonido General Instruments AY-3-8910 Programmable Sonido Generator
3 channels, 8 octaves
Tamaño/Peso 436 x 245 x 90 mm / approximately 3.6 Kg
Puertos de entrada/salida 2 x joystick sockets
2 x cardridge slots
Tape-recorder interface (1200/2400 bauds)
RGB video output
RF & composite video output
Centronics interface
OS MSX DOS
Fuente de alimentación Built-in Fuente de alimentación unit

Panasonic FS-A1

1986


he Panasonic FS-A1 is an MSX2 computer with 64kB RAM. It was available in black and in red It also have a sister in white sold by Toshiba they lack a diskdrive, which its brother the Panasonic FS-A1F does have. The main board is identical to that of the FS-A1 MKII.


The Panasonic FS-A1FM MSX2 is similar to the FS-A1F but has a built-in modem with firmware. On the back of the computer, there is a switch to enable the modem software

The FS-A1FX is the simplest MSX2+ by Panasonic and lacks a built-in MSX-MUSIC. It does contain the A1 Cockpit internal software thats also present in the FS-A1WX and FS-A1WSX.

The Panasonic FS-A1WSX is the last MSX2+ made by Panasonic. It was the successor of FS-A1WX and incorporated few changes like S-Video output, no tape support, color printer support and a improved A1 Internal Cockpit software with a Kanji color word processor.


 Lenguajes MSX Basic V2.0 + DESKPAC software
Teclado Full-stroke Teclado with 5 function Teclas and 4 arrow Teclas.
CPU Zilog Z80A
Velocidad 3.58 MHz
Co-procesador Video Pantalla Processor : V9938 (MSX-VIDEO)
RAM 64 KB
VRAM 128 KB
ROM 64 KB
Modos de Texto 40 x 24 / 32 x 24
Modo gráfico 64 x 48 / 256 x 192 / 256 x 212 / 512 x 212
Interlace mode: 256 x 424, 512 x 424
Colores 512
Sonido AY-8910-3 chipset (or the YM2149 variant/clone) offering 3-voice square wave PSG with whitenoise.
Puertos de entrada/salida Joysticks, Cartridge(2), Tape(1200/2400 baud), RGB, Composite Video, Centronics, External Audio
OS MSX DOS 2.0
Fuente de alimentación External Fuente de alimentación (9V, 1.2A DC for main operation and 18V 0.17A AC)
Precio 29 800 yen (Japan, 1986)

Panasonic FS-A1F

1987


The Panasonic FS-A1F ia basicaly a FS-A1 (MSX2 system) with a built-in 3.5 floppy disk drive mounted on the front of the case, below the keyboard.


 Lenguajes MSX Basic V2.0 + DESKPAC software
Teclado Full-stroke Teclado with 5 function Teclas and 4 arrow Teclas.
CPU Zilog Z80A or equivalent
Velocidad 3.58 MHz
Co-procesador Video Pantalla Processor : V9938 (MSX-VIDEO)
RAM 64 KB
VRAM 128 KB
ROM 64 KB
Modos de Texto 40 x 24 / 32 x 24
Modo gráfico 64 x 48 / 256 x 192 / 256 x 212 / 512 x 212
Interlace mode: 256 x 424, 512 x 424
Colores 512
Sonido AY-8910-3 chipset (or the YM2149 variant/clone) offering 3-voice square wave PSG with whitenoise
Puertos de entrada/salida Joysticks, Cartridge(2), Tape(1200/2400 baud), RGB, Composite Video, Centronics, External Audio
Almacenamiento interno 3.5 floppy disk drive
OS MSX DOS 2.0
Fuente de alimentación PSU built-in
Precio 54 800 yen (Japan, 1987)

Panasonic FS-A1FM

1987


The Panasonic FS-A1FM MSX2 is similar to the FS-A1F but has a built-in modem with firmware. On the back of the computer, there is a switch to enable the modem software.


 MSX-2+

Panasonic FS-A1FX

1988


The FS-A1FX is the simplest MSX2+ by Panasonic and lacks a built-in MSX-MUSIC. It does contain the A1 Cockpit internal software thats also present in the FS-A1WX and FS-A1WSX. The Ren-Sha Turbo feature provides auto-fire mode while playing games.

Contrary to Sony and Sanyo MSX2+ systems which run only at 3.54Mhz, the Panasonic systems are capable be to run at 5.38MHz. In Basic this can be achieved by the following commands.... soft


 Lenguajes MSX-BASIC V3.0, internal software (A1 Cockpit)
Teclado Full-stroke Teclado with numeric keypad
CPU Zilog Z80B
Velocidad Z80B CPU can be switched from 3.58MHz to 5.38MHz via I/O port 3.58 MHz
Co-procesador Yamaha V9958 Video Pantalla Processor
RAM 64 KB
VRAM 128 KB
ROM 32 KB (Basic & BIOS) + 16 KB (SUB ROM > MSX-BASIC V3.0) + 16 KB (KANJI BASIC ROM + KANJI ROM) + 16 KB (DISK ROM)
128kB JIS-1 ROM
Modos de Texto 40 x 24 / 32 x 24
Modo gráfico Same as MSX2 specs, plus 256 × 212/424
Additional KANJI screen modes (Japanese text screen modes): 40x24, 32x24, 256x192, 64x48
Colores 19268
Sonido Optional FM-PAC (OPLL YM-2413) - 9 channel FM syntheDimensionesr, MIDI interface
Puertos de entrada/salida Joystick, Cardridge (2), Tape (1200/2400 bauds), RGB video output, CVBS/RF video output, Centronics
Almacenamiento interno 720 KB 3,5 floppy drive Elementos internos
OS MSX BASIC or MSX DOS when floppy drives are used
Fuente de alimentación Built-in PSU
Precio Unknown

Panasonic FS-A1GT

1991


MSX Turbo R


 Lenguajes MSX Basic V4.1, MSX View, Japanese text editor, a spread sheat and a sample program
Teclado Full-stroke Teclado, JIS standard layout, 91 Teclas
built-in software selector switch, reset button, disk removal button, auto-fire Velocidad adjustment knob, Pause button
CPU Zilog Z80A and R800 (16 Bit RISC)
Velocidad Z80A: 3.579545 MHz / R800: 28.636360 MHz
Co-procesador Video chip must be compatible with the Yamaha VG9938 or V9958, Sonido chip must be compatible with the General Instruments AY8910
RAM 512 KB + 32 KB S-RAM (for backup)
VRAM 128 KB
ROM 32 KB (BASIC/BIOS ROM) + 32 KB (SUBROM MSX-BASIC V4.0) + 16 KB (MIDI-Basic ROM) + 16 KB (MSX Disk Basic) + 16 KB (Kanji Basic) + 512 KB (MSX View) + 2 MB (Japanese text editor, a spread sheat and a sample program) + MSX JE ROM (with approx. 32000 characters)
Modos de Texto 80 x 25 / 40 x 25 / 32 x 25
Modo gráfico 64 x 48 / 256 x 192 / 256 x 212 / 512 x 212 / 512 x 424
Colores 16 / 16 - 256 / 16 among 512 / 19268
Sonido AY-8910 + YM-2413 chip (9 channels of music) + PCM 8-bit syntheDimensionesr = 13 available channels!
MSX-MIDI interface built-in
Tamaño/Peso 425 (W) x 292 (D) x 89 (H) mm / 3.4 Kg
Puertos de entrada/salida Joystick (2), Cartridge (2), RGB video output, Composite Video, SVHS output, Centronics, Microphone output, MIDI interface (IN & OUT), User port
Almacenamiento interno Built-in 3.5 disk drive (720 KB)
OS MSX-DOS V2.31
Fuente de alimentación 100V±10% 50/60Hz, 22w
Precio 99,800 yen (Japan, 1991)

Panasonic FS-A1MKII

1988


 MSX-2+

Panasonic FS-A1ST

1990


En 1990 salió al mercado el último ordenador MSX oficial, el MSX Turbo R. En esta ocasión Panasonic fue el único fabricante se lanzó a esta aventura, aunque Sony y Sanyo estuvieron a punto de lanzar sus respectivos modelos que finalmente nunca vieron la luz. Panasonic desarrolló 2 modelos distintos, el ST (256kb) y el GT (512kb).

El MSX Turbo R era un ordenador con unas prestaciones técnicas altas, ya que incorporaba un procesador de 16-bits (compatible con el Z80 de los anteriores MSX). Tenía muchas cosas interesantes, como un sistema operativo en entorno gráfico llamado MSX View, procesadores de texto, reproductores de midi, etc.

Sin embargo, su precio era un incoveniente, ya que por un poco más podían comprarse PCs aún más avanzados. Además, este ordenador presentó algunos problemas de compatibilidad con muchos juegos y programas de anteriores MSX y muchos de los periféricos de los antiguos MSX ya no le servían.

Todo esto hizo que, al igual que el MSX-2+, sólo se distribuyera en Japón. De hecho, el ordenador solo tiene versión japonesa de la BIOS y su teclado no soporta los conjuntos de caracteres internacionales. En Europa y Brasil se vendieron algunas unidades mediante la importación, aunque a precios muy elevados.

Panasonic cesó la producción del MSX Turbo R en 1992 cuando lanzaron al mercado su consola 3DO. El MSX Turbo-R tuvo algunas ampliaciones, como una tarjeta de sonido OPL4 , una tarjeta de alta resolución Yamaha V9990, etc.

Este ordenador fue el último de la generación MSX, pero miles de seguidores mantienen vivo el espíritu MSX al seguir programando para este gran estándar y rememorándolo en reuniones y ferias anuales.

MSX Turbo R


 Lenguajes MSX Basic V4.0 + Japanese text editor, a spread sheat and a sample program
Teclado Full-stroke Teclado, JIS standard layout, 91 Teclas
built-in software selector switch, reset button, disk removal button, auto-fire Velocidad adjustment knob, Pause button
CPU 8-bit Zilog Z80A and 16-bit RISC R800 (DAR800-X0G)
Velocidad Z80A: 3.579545 MHz / R800: 28.636360 MHz
Co-procesador S1990 MSX-ENGINE, TC8566AF disk Controlador
RAM 256 KB (expandable to 512 KB or even 1 MB internally) + 16kB SRAM for backup (used internally)
VRAM 128 KB
ROM 32 KB (BASIC/BIOS ROM) + 32 KB (SUBROM MSX-BASIC V4.0) + 16 KB (FM-Basic ROM) + 16 KB (MSX Disk ROM) + 16 KB (Kanji Basic) + 2MB ROM (Japanese text editor, a spread sheat and a sample program) + MSX-JE ROM (with approx. 32000 characters)
Modos de Texto 80 x 25 / 40 x 25 / 32 x 25
Modo gráfico 64 x 48 / 256 x 192 / 256 x 212 / 512 x 212 / 512 x 424
Colores 16 / 16 - 256 / 16 among 512 / 19268
Sonido MSX MUSIC (Yamaha YM-2413 OPLL) + PCM syntheDimensionesr 8-bit (sample rate 16kHz) + Internal microphone for the PCM unit
Tamaño/Peso 425 (W) x 292 (D) x 89 (H) mm / 3.4 Kg
Puertos de entrada/salida Joystick (2), Cartridge (2), RGB/CVBS (NTSC) output, Composite Video, Centronics, Microphone connector, User port
Almacenamiento interno Built-in 3.5 disk drive (720 KB)
OS MSX-DOS V2.30
Fuente de alimentación 100V±10% 50/60Hz, 22w
Precio About $500 in Japan, about $700 in Europe (unofficial import)

Panasonic FS-A1WSX

1989


The Panasonic FS A1 WSX is the successor of the FS A1 WX from which it differs very slightly: no tape support anymore, S-Video interface added and color print support with Word Processor (and color printer).


 A1 WSX : 1989
Lenguajes MSX-BASIC V3.0
Teclado Full-stroke Teclado with 5 function Teclas, 4 arrow Teclas, numeric keypad & several special Teclas
CPU Z80B
Velocidad 3.57 Mhz and 6 Mhz
Co-procesador Yamaha V9958 Video Pantalla Processor
RAM 64 KB
VRAM 128 KB
ROM 32 KB (Basic & BIOS) + 16 KB (SUB ROM > MSX-BASIC V3.0) + 16 KB (KANJI BASIC ROM + KANJI ROM) + 16 KB (DISK ROM) + 16 KB (built-in software)
Modos de Texto 40 x 24 / 32 x 24
Modo gráfico Same as MSX2 specs, plus 256 ~ 212/424 (19268 Colores), 512x212 (16 Colores)
Additional KANJI screen modes (Japon ese text screen modes): 40x24, 32x24, 256x192, 64x48
Colores 19268
Sonido PSG (3 voices) + MSX-Music (OPLL YM-2413, 9 channel FM syntheDimensionesr)
Puertos de entrada/salida Joysticks, Cardridge(2), Tape(1200/2400 bauds), RGB video output, CVBS/RF video output, Centronics, Sonido output
Almacenamiento interno 720 KB 3,5 floppy drive Elementos internos
OS MSX DOS
Fuente de alimentación Built-in PSU

Panasonic FS-A1WX

1988


After Microsoft left the MSX project in 1986, ASCII continued alone. They presented a new improvement of the MSX 2 standard in 1988

 
A1 WSX : 1989
Lenguajes MSX-BASIC V3.0
Teclado Full-stroke Teclado with 5 function Teclas, 4 arrow Teclas, numeric keypad & several special Teclas
CPU Z80B
Velocidad 3.57 Mhz and 6 Mhz
Co-procesador Yamaha V9958 Video Pantalla Processor
RAM 64 KB
VRAM 128 KB
ROM 32 KB (Basic & BIOS) + 16 KB (SUB ROM > MSX-BASIC V3.0) + 16 KB (KANJI BASIC ROM + KANJI ROM) + 16 KB (DISK ROM) + 16 KB (built-in software)
Modos de Texto 40 x 24 / 32 x 24
Modo gráfico Same as MSX2 specs, plus 256 ~ 212/424 (19268 Colores), 512x212 (16 Colores)
Additional KANJI screen modes (Japanese text screen modes): 40x24, 32x24, 256x192, 64x48
Colores 19268
Sonido PSG (3 voices) + MSX-Music (OPLL YM-2413, 9 channel FM syntheDimensionesr)
Puertos de entrada/salida Joysticks, Cardridge(2), Tape(1200/2400 bauds), RGB video output, CVBS/RF video output, Centronics, Sonido output
Almacenamiento interno 720 KB 3,5 floppy drive Elementos internos
OS MSX DOS
Fuente de alimentación Built-in PSU

Panasonic FS3900

1984


Máquina de escribir eléctrica y ordenador MSX-1 todo en uno.